Osimertinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) that is selective for both EGFR-TKI sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations in patients with non–small-cell lung cancer. The efficacy of osimertinib as compared with platinum-based therapy plus pemetrexed in such patients is unknown. (more)
Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Every year, 1·8 million people are diagnosed with lung cancer, and 1·6 million people die as a result of the disease. 5-year survival rates vary from 4–17% depending on stage and regional differences. In this Seminar, we discuss existing treatment for patients with lung cancer and the promise of precision medicine, with special emphasis on new targeted therapies. (more)
The first Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD)report was published in 2001 and has since undergone several updates, with a major revision in 2011 that introduced the ABCD assessment tool to guide initial therapy.
The indwelling pleural catheter (IPC), which was initially introduced for the management of recurrent malignant effusions, could be a valuable management option for recurrent benign pleural effusion (BPE), replacing chemical pleurodesis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficacy and safety of IPC use in the management of refractory nonmalignant effusions. (more)
Inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to decrease exacerbations in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Their effects in patients with milder airflow obstruction remain unclear. (more)
As in heart failure, obstructive and central sleep apnoea (OSA and CSA, respectively) are common in end-stage renal disease. Fluid overload characterises end-stage renal disease and heart failure, and in heart failure plays a role in the pathogenesis of OSA and CSA. We postulated that in end-stage renal disease patients, those with sleep apnoea would have greater fluid volume overload than those without.(more)